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The 2-2 System of Play in Futsal
Small sided soccer training games played in small areas have been played worldwide under many different names for over a century. These games evolved from static games with players assigned positions they couldn't leave to the modern Futsal game with dynamic player exchanges.
Static 2-2 System of Play in Futsal
The 2-2 System, with 2 defenders and 2 attackers, originated as a static system with 2 players who always played defense and 2 players who always played offense. A 2-2 static system makes things very easy for defending opponents because they only have to defend against the same two players who play the same positions for the entire game.
Dynamic 2-2 System of Play in Futsal
Starting in the 1950's the static 2-2 System of play has evolved into today's modern dynamic system of players constantly changing positions and moving to create spaces and opportunities to score.
The dynamic Futsal 2-2 system features 2, 3 and 4 player exchanges to create 24 different combinations of attacking players working together to create space and opportunities to score. When the goalkeeper joins the attack the system becomes the Futsal 3-2 System with over 100 different combinations of attacking players opponents must defend against.
Dynamic Futsal systems are an opponent's worst nightmare because, as defenders, they must all instantly work together without any errors and correctly anticipate:
The dynamic 3-1 and 4-0 systems in Futsal have become so successful some national and professional teams in Europe and Latin America have used a dynamic 4-6 attacking system (4 defenders - 6 midfielders and/or strikers) in their 11-a-side soccer games. For example, in Euro 2012 Spain played a 4-6 system successful against most of their opponents.
In a dynamic 4-6 attacking system 2, 3, 4, 5 and in theory as many as 6 attacking players dynamically exchange positions with each other to create open spaces and opportunities to score. And their opponents are forced to defend against many of the 720 possible attacking combinations of 2 to 6 players exchanging positions in the run of play.
Futsal 2-2 System Positions of Play
In the Futsal 2-2 System there are 2 defending and 2 attacking positions.
In the dynamic Futsal 2-2 System all players, including the Goalkeeper when the team really needs to score, attack when their team has the ball and defend when their opponent's have possession of the ball. All players also freely exchange positions with their teammates to fool opponents, create space and generate shots on goal.
In training, cones can be placed 2 meters in from the sideline to create a lateral line for training. This creates a wide center area that is 70% to 80% of the width of the court. In practices and training games left and right side players are taught to play outside the cones on the attack and to use the space in the middle of the court to create spaces for attacks and shots on their opponent's goal.
In Soccer and Futsal practices and training games adding an extra line with cones or in a different color of paint creates narrow outside lateral lanes that help players learn to play wide and to use the space in the middle of the field as the area for creating space and shots on goal.
Position names vary by language, country, system of play, player experience and in some cases by player personality. If all 4 players are slow to come back to defend they may be called center defender, left defender, right defender and attacking defender to remind players of their roles when their team does not have the ball.
Futsal 2-2 - 24 Player Exchanges